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Step-by-Step: How the Hamas October 7 Attack Happened, and How Israel Responded

On October 7, 2023, Hamas launched the deadliest attack on Israel in its history, leading to a massive death toll of over 1,300 people, 3,000 injuries and 236 taken hostage in Gaza. In response, Israel declared a state of war and vowed to eliminate Hamas, and to alter the security and political reality in the Gaza Strip.

This paper outlines step by step how the Hamas attack took place and breached Israeli defenses, how the atrocities and massacre took place, and how Israel reacted so far by launching a full-scale war on the military, political, and social levels

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